China high quality Sand Casting Pump Parts, Water Pump Spare Parts, Pump Part wholesaler

Product Description

Material description:; 

All kinds of Material Indexes
  Ductile iron grey iron
Material type EN-GJS-400 EN-GJL-150
EN-GJS-450 EN-GJL-200
EN-GJS-500 EN-GJL-250
EN-GJS-600 EN-GJL-300
Chemical composition C:; 3.;5%-3.;8% C:; 3.;2%-3.;7%
Si:; 2.;3%-2.;8% Si:; 1.;8%-2.;5%
Mn:; 0.;3%-0.;5% Mn:; 0.;6%-0.;9%
P:; ≤0.;09% P:; ≤0.;12%
S:; ≤0.;03% S:;≤0.;06%
CT 7-8 7-8
Thickness ≥3.;5mm ≥2.;5mm
Nickle cast iron (Ni-resist cast iron); A436 Type 1,; A436 2b etc
Laser cutting steel material
CNC machining  cast iron,; steel 



HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis.xiang Casting Co.;,; Ltd.; is a leading casting foundry with over 24 years’ casting experience.; We specialize in ductile iron casting ,; grey iron casting,; shell mold casting and nickle iron casting and so on.;Process includes sand casting,; investment casting,; die casting and gravity casting as well as CNC machining.; Our products involve steering knuckle auto parts,; hot plate,; truck brake disc,; pulley wheel,;pump and impeller etc.; Most our products are made according to customers’ drawings or samples.;


1.; Supplier:; HangZhou Xihu (West Lake) Dis.xiang Casting Co.;,; Ltd.;


♣ Manufacturer(with over 20 years’ casting experience); 

♣ Exporter(export from 2005);

b.;Main market

♣ USA,; UK,; Germany,; Italy,; Japan,; Swiss,; Australia,; Korea,; ZheJiang and South-east Asia etc.;

c.; Advantage

♣ Stable process

♣ Disciplined peoples and operation

♣ The best product features

♣ Quality product performance

♣ Advanced machining and inspecting equipment

♣ Prompt delivery

♣ Quality control system

♣ Precision casting

2.; Capability

a.;Over 20 years’ casting experience

b.;Various kinds of machinery equipments and advanced inspection equipments

c.;All of the parts can be inspected with CMM before shipment.;

d.;We have advanced engineers 12 person.;

e.;We had approved through ISO 9001:;2008 quality system.;

f.;We can supply the best products and good services for all of Foreign Clients

3.; OEM and customized service


♥ Drawing:; Most our products are produced according to your drawings or samples.;

♥ Quality:; We have full set quality control system to guarantee the best quality.;

♥ OEM:; oem service is offered.;


♥ In-house foundry

♥ Third party inspection available upon requirement

c.;Packing and shipping

♥ wooden/steel/carton case or pallet (standard export packing);

♥ accept FOB,; FAS,; CIF,; CNF etc.; and customer disignated shipping agent

d.;Our target

♥ To supply at a competitive and reasonable price,; acceptable and stable in quality,; circumspect and satisfactory of service,; punctual delivery time

♥ Development,; Service and Honest
4.; FAQ

1 How can I get the quotation? Please send drawings to me here or my mail directly.; 
2 I don’t have drawings,; can you make drawins for us?  We can make drawings as your samples,; then quote you soon.;
3 MOQ Usually 5 tons,; but will decide due to the specific design.;
4 Sample lead time 35-40 days
5 What surface treatment can you make?  Painting,; E-coating,; Ni coating,; Zn coating,; Cr coating,; Phosphating,; anit-rust oil,; polishing,; melten salt bath finish etc.; 
6 Are you a manufacturer? Yes,; we are a casting foundry with CNC machining center.; 
7 Total employee 45 people

5.; Contact

Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.

Modeling a spline coupling

Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.

Creating a spline coupling model 20

The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.

Analysing a spline coupling model 20

An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.

Misalignment of a spline coupling

A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.

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